What is Eczema?
Eczema are the red, dry and extremely itchy patches on skin. Eczema often turns into a rash when itched. Eczema can appear on any part of the body. However, in infants, eczema normally occurs on forehead, forearms, cheeks, legs, neck and scalp.
Who are the candidates?
Both adults and infants can get affected by eczema. However, infants are the more commonly affected patients.
What are the causes behind eczema?
There is no specified or defined cause behind eczema. Genetic records of eczema may likely cause the condition among the next generation. Environmental triggers along with genetic history of eczema is a commonly cited cause. Asthma or allergic rhinitis may be commonly seen among the patients of eczema.
Treatment of eczema:
Refraining from itching is the most important factor behind treatment of eczema. Applying lotion on the affected part at regular intervals is an important component in the treatment process. Moisturizing the skin right after bathing is ideally important to treat eczema. Application of cold compresses can also provide relief form itching. In case of persistent itching, corticosteroid creams and ointments may be applied to minimize inflammation and discomfort.
To prevent skin thinning, doctor may prescribe oral corticosteroid and limit the location where the cream may be applied and the treatment time. Eczema affected skin may also get infected. In such a case, the doctor may prescribe oral antibiotics or topical medications to kill the infection causing bacteria.
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